Family Structure Essay

Family Structure Essay

Family Functions and Structures in Britain Today Essay

660 Words | 3 Pages

Family Functions and Structures in Britain Today

What is a family? A family is a group of people who are related by
kinship ties: relations of blood, marriage or adoption. The family
unit is one of the most important social institutions, which is found
in some form in nearly all known societies. It is basic unit of social
organisation and plays a key role in socialising children into the
culture of their society.

HobartC 1999 ‘the group of people, generally related…

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Family and Multigenerational Family Therapy

860 Words | 4 Pages

Family Therapy and Multigenerational Family Therapy

Family Therapy and Multigenerational Family Therapy
The idea of working with a family as a unit versus individuals was innovative and throughout the years became a significant enhancement to family system therapy. In 1960 Structural Family Therapy was founded and developed by Salvador Minuchin whose main focus was based on the interactional patterns and sequences within the family. He was able to alter the behaviors of the family alleviating…

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Organizational Structure

1183 Words | 5 Pages

Structure Pg. 1

Organizational Structure
Marlene Seratt
Concepts in Organizational Behavior
Lionel de Souza
Unit 4

Due: 05/26/2007

Structure Pg. 2
In this paper we will be talking about organizational structure and cultures, and what strategies Ken Dailey will have to consider as he starts building…

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The Effects of Slavery on the African-American Family Structure

1272 Words | 5 Pages

Effects of Slavery on the African American Family Structure

Slavery had an immense impact on African American families, as the familial dynamic of the African American family was in many ways responsible for the stereotypes surrounding black families in the present moment. Not only were families the sole property of their slave owner, but there were laws restricting their rights and privileges. However, despite the fact that the African American slave family existed in a perpetually tumultuous state…

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Family Structure Changes Essay

1379 Words | 6 Pages

Changes in Family Structure

During the past few decades there have been major changes in the structure of the family. A family used to be represented by a married couple with children, generally of the same race and living under the same roof. The traditional family was known for its stability and unmarried people were considered to live a life of loneliness. Numerous people today still believe that the nuclear family is the best for raising children and even the media and television portray…

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Family Structure In Post-War Britian Essay

1219 Words | 5 Pages

WWII had far-reaching implications for most of the world. The following essay will demonstrate the changes the UK family has undergone since World War ǁ, the following essay will also throw light upon the changes in family types, economic activities of women , power distribution, laws and sexuality with respect to disciplines of sociology, economics, history and politics.
Family used to be a single unit, consisting of a husband, wife and children. This unit was widely thought as a group based…

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The Influences of Family Structure on Delinquency Essay

559 Words | 3 Pages

This paper is based off of the article titled, “The Effects of Family Type, Family Relationships and Parental Role Models on Delinquency and Alcohol Use Among Flemish Adolescents.” All material that is written in this paper uses information gleaned from the article. The article discusses a study of Flemish youth and how different family environments effect youth turning into delinquents as well as effecting alcohol consumption. The article explains the results of questionnaire that was administered…

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The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

983 Words | 4 Pages

Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

The Industrial Revolution was from 1750’s – 1850’s, which had four
main effects. One was the Economic system becoming industrial from
agriculture, the second was Mechanisation meaning production in
factories becoming more efficient, the third was Urbanisation and the
fourth was population explosion – low mobility rate and higher birth

Tallcott Parsons (1950’s) believed that the extended family in pre

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Family Structure Trends in Europe Essay

1938 Words | 8 Pages

the ‘family’ has been enormous. In order to evaluate them
adequately, I shall look at 4 main transitory factors which have had,
and are continuing to have, implications for social policy,
specifically within Europe. These are: Downward trend in marriages,
the rise in single parent/lone parent families, increasing
participation of women in the workforce and their consequent
economical success, and the incessantly declining rate of fertility.

The notion of family thirty…

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Unique Family Structures Displayed in Who Has Seen The Wind and To Set Our House in Order

872 Words | 4 Pages

Unique Family Structures Displayed in Who Has Seen The Wind and To Set Our House in Order

All households studied in Who Has Seen the Wind and “To Set Our House in Order,” include minor characters who have power, demonstrate acceptable behaviour yet fail to provide proper nurturing – all acting as major influences on the order with which the main characters conduct their lives.
The main characters in both works, both still quite young in their years, need older influences within the home to…

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Family Structure

3365 Words | 14 Pages

The impact of globalization on family–structure: a sociological study

Abstract In the present research paper, we shall discuss a study which has been carried out on the Bengali community situating in the lowlands (Tarai) of the Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand and the effect of Modernization and Globalization on their family structure on this community. Its historicity lies in the fact that the Bengali community living in the lowlands of Udham Singh Nagar has all come from East Pakistan…

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Diverse Family Structures and Functions in Britain Essay

753 Words | 4 Pages

Diverse Family Structures and Functions

When British people today think of a family they think of a father, a
mother and two children. This is the stereotype of the family, which
is called Nuclear Family. In fact, there are many other family
structures such as, Extended Family, Linear Family, Single-parent
Family, etc. This essay will look at a range of diverse family
structures and functions in Britain today, especially the four kind of
family structure: Nuclear…

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Family Role

1523 Words | 7 Pages

This five-page paper discusses the nature of the family in the developing world and examines whether the family is more important, less important, or neutral in the movement from technologically simple or agrarian societies to industrial societies.

The Role of the Family

Family systems, like biological organisms, evolve with time and circumstance.
It seems readily evident from an examination of the nature and role of the family in the developing world that form may indeed follow function…

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joint family

1664 Words | 7 Pages

and unity, culture and unity are wellmanifested in the structure of society, indeed in the smaller unit of a society i.e. family. A family is a set of human beings related to each other in a non-professional manner, giving rise to a concrete cohesion within the family. Love, care, and affection are the most prominent human values, which are responsible for maintaining these bonds of relationships withina family. Typically, a nuclear family may be conceived as a unit consisting of acouple, children…

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Family Decline vs Family Change

3666 Words | 15 Pages

The world has been undergoing great changes in different spheres of life just in the past several decades. One of the most amazing and quick changes seems to be happening within the institution of the family. I have a special interest in this topic, as soon as I witness the radical change going on literally before my eyes: my home country, which was a country with traditional society, after the collapse of the Soviet Union went and is still going through the process of transformation, which introduces…

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Family Diversity

2087 Words | 9 Pages

a) Explain what is meant by the ‘neo-conventional family’ (2 marks)
Chester describes the neo-conventional family as a dual-earner family, in which both souses go to work. It is similar to Young and Willmott’s idea of the symmetrical family.

b) Explain the difference between ‘expressive’ and ‘instrumental’ roles. (4 marks)
Expressive – ‘homemaker’, usually the female’s role as it is more caring and nurturing and stating that they should stay at home and be a housewife and not go to work.…

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The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

954 Words | 4 Pages

The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family

The pre- industrial family was said to be an extended family
consisting of three generations, the children, parents and the
grandparents. The family would all work together in the farms to help
provide for the entire families needs, children as young a 5 or 6
would have been found work to do. However this was until the
Industrial revolution when factories become the main source of work
and development…

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Changes in Family Structure

539 Words | 2 Pages

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, a family is “a group of two or more people who reside together and who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption” (U.S. Census Bureau). How would we fit what today’s society calls a “family” in this definition? Families no longer live together. Some live in different houses, different cities, and even different states. Children go long periods of time without seeing either mommy or daddy, sometimes both. We have become so adapt to a single-parent household…

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Family Structure Essay

1368 Words | 6 Pages

A family is made up of two or more people, related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing in the same home. Society’s definition of ‘family’ is expanding and includes single parents, blended families, unrelated individuals living cooperatively, and homosexual couples, among others. Unfortunately, family guidelines have been slow to catch up to changing trends in modern lifestyles (Crawford, 1999).
The complex family, or a family structure involving more than two adults, was prevalent before…

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TV Families and Real Families Essay

3199 Words | 13 Pages

As early as 1950, television families have depicted not only the way we live today, but also the way we ought to live (Tueth, 2003). Hence, television has continued to present comedies about family life that ranges from the didactic model of domestic conventionalist and gradually to non-conventionalist ways of life. By conventionalist, I mean the depiction of the “nuclear” family that consists of clear roles, responsibilities, and gentle lines of authority that flow from the wise dad and understanding…

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Organizational Structure

4097 Words | 17 Pages

organization structures and identify the type of organizational structure that do you thinks suitable for your selected organization?

Organizational structure
• Organizational structure is the way in witch an organization’s activities (job tasks) are divided, organized and coordinated.
• Organizational structure is the way in which and work, authority resources of an organization have been divided among members.

Types of organizational structure

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The Dynamics of Family Structure and Its Impact on Educational Achievement

2998 Words | 12 Pages

Dynamics of Family Structure and its impact on Educational Achievement

A Paper Presented in partial Fulfillment

Of the Requirements of HS817 Social Systems

April 16, 2007


This paper will examine the effects of family structure and its influence on educational achievement. The link between family structure and educational achievement suggests that children living in nuclear families are more successful academically. Research has consistently shown that family structure can facilitate…

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Changing Structure and Function of Family: a Study of Indian Society

3979 Words | 16 Pages


Submitted by

Table of Contents

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Discuss Changing Family Structures in the Uk and Give Examples of Sociological Theories That Provide Explanations as to Why and How Families Have Changed.

1123 Words | 5 Pages

changing family structures in the UK and give examples of sociological theories that provide explanations as to why and how families have changed.

This essay will discuss the various family structures in society. It will give theoretical explanation as to why and how families have changed. The essay will also bring statistical, historical and political evidence to back up the reason for these changes.

During the pre-industrial society the ‘extended family’ was the most common family structure…

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7546 Words | 31 Pages

Sociology Revision
What is the family?
“The family are a close group of people, usually related not always. Who support each other and at some point in their lives tend to live in the same household.”

There is no correct definition on the family, Sociologists do not agree on a definition, broadly there are two types of definition;
• Exclusive definitions – These focus on the specific relationships within the family unit i.e. marriage
• Inclusive definitions – These focus on the functions…

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2686 Words | 11 Pages

ID: 1066385
ESL 140 – COURSE # 7052-1
NOVEMBER 25th, 2003

Society is composed of many elements based on values, traditions, cultures, government’s policies etc.; and family is one of the main basic ingredients, forming the society. Therefore, as the society changes its element, family is also forced to change the…

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Class Structure, Warfare, Family Life, Religious Practices, and Agriculture Are Aspects of the Aztec’s culture

641 Words | 3 Pages

Class structure, warfare, family life, religious practices, and agriculture are all aspects of the Aztec’s culture. The Aztecs had a legend about the beginning of their empire. The legend said that the gods will send an eagle perched on a cactus and have a snake in its mouth. This was than the right place to build their empire. The Aztecs were a powerful empire that prospered.
The first important aspect in the Aztec’s culture was class structure. At the top of the structure is the ruler. The ruler…

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The Effects of Changing Family Structures on the Children

1163 Words | 5 Pages

Many families today suffer from a separation between the parental figures. The reason for the separation hardly matters. However, the separation will always have an effect on the children of the family. Personally, I went through a family separation when my parents decided to separate and I found that what mostly affected my younger sibling and I was not the absence of my father, but the instability that came with his absence. The argument, “Are Fathers Necessary for a Child’s Well-Being?” can be…

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Family Diversity

2452 Words | 10 Pages

Diversity In Families

According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “A family consists of a domestic group of people (or a number of domestic groups), typically affiliated by birth or marriage, or by comparable legal relationships-including domestic partnership, adoption, surname and (in some cases) ownership.
Although many people (including social scientists) have understood familial relationships in the terms of “blood”, many anthropologists have argued that one must understand the notion of…

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2565 Words | 11 Pages


What Makes a Dysfunctional Family Appear Normal

There is a very thin line between functional families and dysfunctional ones. At the same time, the term ‘functional families’ does not give the true picture of such families. This is because it describes a nonexistent phenomenon. There…

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Family Structures Are Changing The Face of America

1425 Words | 6 Pages

progressed the definition of a family has changed drastically. What one would have considered a family in early centuries has truthfully changed from what one would consider a family in today’s society. During earlier centuries a family consisted of a father, mother and their children; however that is no longer the case for most families in American society today. In American society families are defined in many different facets such as the traditional family, blended families, single parent homes and…

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My Family Structure

1896 Words | 8 Pages

I grew up in a nuclear family. There are four people in my family, consists of my father, mother, my sister and me. My father is 62 years old. He’s working as a insurance agent. My mother is 10 years younger than my father. She used to work as a store manager before she gave birth to me. She quitted her job in order to take care of me and my sister because she believes that the mother daughter bond can grow stronger day by day by spending time with us. My sisters and I are four years apart. She is…

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Essay Family Structure in Eating Disorders

2553 Words | 11 Pages

Family Structure in Eating Disorders

We are all genetically and socially affected by our families. Families serve as the matrix of our identity. It is through interactions within the family that we develop a sense of who we are and how we fit in (Minuchin, Rosman & Baker, 1978). Parents serve as role models, providing examples for attitudes, coping skills, and eating habits, as well as setting standards for perfection, ambition and acceptance (Hall & Cohn, 1992). Many researchers claim that…

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Organizational Structure

1067 Words | 5 Pages

Depot’s Organizational Structure
Danielle Weadd
December 10, 2012
Chenise Hamilton

To have a successful organization, companies need to have an organizational structure. Organizational structure is used as a foundation to ensure each department as well as employees knows the proper direction to take. The Home Depot is one of the largest home improvement retailers in the world. Home Depot is one company that incorporates organizational structure in their day- to -day business…

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Types of Family Structure

2046 Words | 8 Pages

Understanding Family
The type of family structure I grew up in was very traditional and structured. The family was intact. Mom stayed home and dad went to work in order to make money to pay the bills. He was always the breadwinner, and mom was a stay-at-home mom who took care of the children and the house instead of working outside the home. Both parents were open minded, warm, and loving, but they were also authoritative and serious about taking care of the children, the house, and each other…

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Essay on African American Family Structure

461 Words | 2 Pages

American Family Structure

Effects of African American Family Structure on School Attitudes and Performance

In today’s world, there is such a big emphasis on education and its importance. And there should be an emphasis. Unfortunately, not everyone has the same attitude about receiving a good education. This article attempts to discuss the attitudes of African American’s towards education when a stable family structure is absent.

Given, not all homes are the Cleaver family, but if a…

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Family Structure in the UK Essay

2810 Words | 12 Pages

As family structure has changed in the UK, so child care arrangements have become more diverse and complex. What are the implications of these changes for children?

In the last 50 years or so, family life has changed becoming more diverse and complex, which has been the source of research by social scientists especially the effects of divorce on children. Marriage is no longer an institution that couples need to suffer if times are difficult, divorce is easier and cohabitation…

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Company Structure

984 Words | 4 Pages


Organizing structure is considered by many to be “the anatomy of the organization”, providing a foundation within which the organization functions”.
There can be different kinds of organization structure, and firms can change their organization structure by becoming more or less centralized.
Most organization have a hierarchical or pyramidal structure, with one person or a group of people at the top, and increasing number of people below them at each successive level. All…

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Family Values and Structures in the Middle East Essay

2848 Words | 12 Pages

Family Values and Structures in the Middle East

At the end of our program, classes are ending, and events are winding down, but emotions remain powerful. We will all face reentry, and deal with it in different ways, and I’m sure that all of us are thinking about what this means personally. I do not know what the first thing is that may come to your mind when you think of home. Maybe you are scared that your little sibling took over while you were gone, and you will have to resolve this in a civil…

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Broken Family Structure Leads to Educational Difficulties for Children

1253 Words | 6 Pages

Broken Family Structure Leads to Educational Difficulties for Children

UNITED STATES, January 16, 2006 ( – The U.S Center for Marriage and Family released a study in November 2005 that shows broken family structures consistently lead to education difficulties for children.
“When it comes to educational achievement,” the study says, “children living with their own married parents do significantly better than other children.”
The report found that children from non-intact families…

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1365 Words | 6 Pages

Family is often defined as a basic social unit, in which a group of people is living together and is related to each other by the ties of marriage and the bonds of blood. Family is also defined as a place where we, as human beings, seek shelter and comfort.
In the photographs taken by John Clang, which was displayed in the National Museum of Singapore’s Being Together exhibition, portray what it means to be a family both in the past as well as in the present. One of the similarities between the…

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contemporary diversity in the structure of the family Essay

2652 Words | 11 Pages

Examine the sociological evidence concerning the idea that there is contemporary diversity in the structure of the family.

The family is often seen as the corner stone of society. In pre-modern and modern societies alike it has been regarded as the most basic unit of social organisation and one that carries out vital tasks, such as the socialisation of children.

Functionalists’ approaches to the family are based on the assumption that society operates on the basis of consensus and that there is…

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Functions and Diversity of Family Structure in the UK Essay

1276 Words | 6 Pages

Functions and Diversity of Family Structure

There are various debates and views on the term ‘family’ in today’s

Although we can say that a family consists of a unit of people that
are related, either legally through marriage or biologically.

In both premodern and modern societies families have been seen as the
most basic unit of a social organisation that carries out vital tasks,
such as socialising children.

Whereas a ‘household’ consists of a group…

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Changing Family Structure in Modern Society Essay

1900 Words | 8 Pages

This essay will identify how modern day society is changing with regards to family structure in particular marriage, cohabitation, step families and lone parenting explaining how this may or may not impact on parenting practices in turn influencing the outcome of children and the formation of their identities. It will also discuss the Governments role in aiding families and protecting children with regard to current policies and procedures. Also the current perception of childhood and the increasing…

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Annotated Bibliography on the Effects of Family Structure Essay

1797 Words | 8 Pages

Dynamics of Work and Family as it relates to the topic of family dynamics, careers and their impact on the individual and family throughout the lifespan was written by Marlynn Levin, Director of The Work and Human Center, and The Merrill-Palmer Institute for Family and Human Development. The author states that in the past two decades, Americans have experience some major changes in their family dynamics and structure. The author maintains that during the lifespan many families and individuals have…

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3871 Words | 16 Pages

Family Dollar Implementing a Retail Strategy – Transcript

1. Family Dollar Implementing a Retail Strategy Family Dollar is one of the fastest growing discount store chains in the United States. During the last ten years, more than 4,000 new stores have been added to the chain, of which over half were added in the last five years. The merchandising strategy that drives this growth provides customers with good values on basic merchandise for the family and home in a small-box, neighborhood format…

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Family Structure in the Nineteenth Century Essay

7830 Words | 32 Pages

Family Structure in the Nineteenth Century
Missing Tables

Family structure in the United States has undergone a dramatic change since the 1960’s. The percentage of female-headed households increased while the percentage of married couple households declined. This paper uses data from the Urban Underclass Database to explain the roles the transforming economy (from manufacturing to…

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Family and Culture

1010 Words | 5 Pages

“Family culture is a unique way that a family forms itself in terms of rules, roles, habits, activities, beliefs, and other areas” (“What is family culture?”, 2002). The perception of family is an aspect of family culture; this includes the interactions within the family and with others. Some of these perceptions can be defined as myths. A myth is a belief about someone or something that is believed to be true, but it is false, made-up, or exaggerated (S. Yu, Lecture). There are both positive and…

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The Modern Family

1992 Words | 8 Pages

modern world the term “family,” for instance, has divergent meanings. There may be one, or multiple individuals, involved in the rearing of a child; all with diverse roles and features, genders, or even interests in the child. We live in a diverse world, not just in the United States, but globally. Preparing children for a leadership role in this world also requires that we take into account individual micro- and macro-differences, celebrate those differences, and view the family as assisting in any…

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Essay on Family Structure and Juvenile Delinquency

1612 Words | 7 Pages

Traditional families are becoming a thing of the past. Women are no longer staying at home and assuming their womanly roles that society once expected from them. Due to their choices and living environment, they have to do what they can to raise the children that being into this world.
Women nowadays are becoming mothers at an early age and often have to the raise the child on their own. Due to this hardship, they must improvise when it comes to adjusting to the change of now raising a child and…

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All Family Structure Essays

  • Marriage & Family Therapy
  • British Airways – Organizational Structure
  • The Nuclear Family Replaced the Extended Family After Industrialisation
  • Organization Structure and Culture
  • Erythrocyte: Structure & Metabolism
  • Boeing: Organizational Culture and Structure
  • Johnson&Johnson – Organizational Structure
  • Chemical Structure- Steroid Lactone
  • Capital Structure theories
  • Intel Capital Structure
  • Structure of the Federal Court System
  • Family Values
  • Literary Structure of Franz Kafka's 'Metamorphosis'
  • Structure Fire
  • Work Breakdown Structure
  • Joint Family System
  • Family Budget
  • The Structure of Tygerberg Hospital
  • My Organization's Structure
  • Family Assessment Paper
  • Organizational Structure
  • The Impact of the Internet on Market Structure
  • Wuthering Heights – Narrative Structure
  • Family Analysis Project
  • The Tibetan Family
  • Hispanic Family Assesment Paper
  • Functions and Structure of Neuroanatomy
  • Business Planning and Structures
  • Simpsons Family Therapy
  • The Significance of Family
  • Organizational Structure
  • Mcdonald's Organizational Structure
  • Families Should Be Planned
  • The Governmental Structure of Nigeria
  • Experiential Family Therapy
  • Family Consumer Science
  • Organizational Structures
  • Organizational Structure of Samsung Electronics
  • The Chemical Structure of Morphine
  • Family Issues: Are social network sites affecting the family?
  • Nuclear Family
  • The Organization Structure and Design of a Bakery
  • Business Structure
  • Organisational Structure
  • Pa Chin's Family
  • Sociological Structure of Haiti People
  • Social Structure of the Society
  • Organization Structure Diagram
  • Organization Structure of Intel
  • Tissue Structures
  • U.S. Government Structure
  • Family Culture
  • Importance of Achieving Equity in Pay Structures
  • Assessing the View that Family Diversity is Leading to a Weakening of Traditional Family Values
  • Auto Industry Structure and Resources
  • Family Health Assessment
  • Market Structure
  • Family and Community
  • Market Structures
  • Dual-Earner Family
  • The Family Circuit
  • Multicultural Families
  • Capital Structure Case
  • Chemistry and the Structure of DNA
  • Choosing the Right Structure for a New Business
  • Organization Structure Simulation
  • The Universal Right to Family
  • The Family Stone
  • Organizational Structures and Systems
  • Business Structure Characteristics. Whitbread Structure Analysis
  • Family Subsystem Genograms Paper
  • Fish and Humans: Homologus Structure
  • All in the Family
  • Logical Structure or Theoretical Framework
  • Organizational Structure Simulation
  • The Four Families of the Filovirus Ebola
  • The Five Types of Organizational Structure
  • Organizational Structure
  • The Six Characteristics of Families
  • Capital Structure
  • Structure of Nucleotides and DNA
  • Family at the Bedside
  • Ebay and Business Structures
  • Organizational Structure of Tsingtao and Heineken
  • Capital One's Organizational Structure
  • Managing Organizational Structure Change
  • The Hierarchy of a Mafia Family
  • Organisational Structure of Tata Steel
  • What is a family?
  • Families and Juvenile Delinquency
  • The Role of the Father in the Family
  • Organizational Structure
  • Wealthy Family
  • Family Planning
  • Organizational Structure: Zappos
  • Family and Household
  • Family Genogram is Similar to the Family Tree
  • Gross Structure of Meat
  • A Preview of Capital Structure Issues
  • Family Therapy
  • Cat's Organizational Structure
  • Structural Family Therapy
  • Women and Family Planning
  • Family Values and The Status of The Traditional American Family
  • Big Family vs. Small Family
  • Family Assessment
  • Market Structure of Petrol Companies
  • Management and Organizational Structure
  • Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant:The Broken Family Dynamic of the Tull Family
  • Running in the Family
  • Tax Structure in India
  • Economic Structure of Opec
  • Organizational Structure Paper
  • Family and Grandparents
  • Analysis of Capital Structure of Ihg
  • The Structure and Function of the Change Management
  • Family: the Foundation of a Strong Society
  • Luxottica institutional structure
  • Family Diversity
  • Adenosine Triphosphate Structure
  • Family and Death
  • Changing Perspectives of the Nuclear Family in Rémy Huberdeau'sTransforming Family
  • Gay Families are Still Families
  • Psychodynamic Family Therapy
  • Apple's Corporate Structure and Culture
  • Family and Kinship (Sociology)
  • Oligopoly Market Structure
  • Analysis of Homosexual Families
  • Multiple Therapeutic Models of a Family
  • Differentiating Between Market Structures
  • Family Tree
  • Lewis Structure
  • Business Structure
  • Family Traditions and Practices
  • Organizational Structure and Culture
  • Site Structure Listing
  • Pastoral Psychology: Family Analysis
  • The Traditional Family
  • Capital Structure in Finance
  • The Structure of the Hotel Industry
  • Work Breakdown Structure
  • Family Systems and Virginia Satir
  • The Structure of Proteins
  • Understanding Market Structures
  • Families as Navigators and Negotiators
  • Dysfunctional Families and Drugs
  • Changing American Families
  • Social Institution of the Family
  • Relation of Crime and Family
  • Organizational Structure
  • International Business Structure
  • China Social Structure
  • Social Structure Theory
  • The Intentional Family
  • The Puritan Family
  • Evolutionary Families
  • Two-Career Family Versus One-Career Family
  • The Structure of the Universe
  • Family Theory
  • Limited Liability Company Structure Outline
  • The Effects of Depression on a Family
  • Social Structure of Bangladesh
  • Boeings Organizational Structure
  • The Theoretical Approach to Family Therapy
  • Market Structures
  • Family: A Major Unit of Socialization
  • The Myth of Family and Education
  • The Economic Structure of Matewan
  • Defining Family
  • Alcan's Site Structure
  • Structural Family Therapy
  • Family Health Assessment
  • Structure and Characterization in Sense and Sensibility
  • Maintaining Family Ties
  • Genogram: Family and Grandmother
  • Google Organizational Structure
  • The Significance of Family and Kinship
  • a family affair
  • Differentiating Bewteen Market Structures
  • Cell Structure
  • Family and Ann
  • Shaping Identity Using Social Structure
  • The Perfect Family
  • The Structure of a Financial Crisis
  • Dealing with the Death of a Family Member
  • Family: Now and Before
  • Organizational Structure
  • Capital Structure and Agency Theory
  • Justification for Using a Corporate Business Structure
  • Marriage and Family
  • Term Structure of Interest Rates
  • Family of Woodstock
  • Postmodern views on diversity of the family
  • Staples Market Structure
  • Family Values
  • The Brontë Family
  • Family in the Global Context
  • Coloplast Organizational Structure
  • Implementing a New Business Structure
  • Determinants of Capital Structure
  • Family Values
  • Family Health Assessment
  • Communication Problems in Family Business
  • Family Literacy: Respecting Family Ways
  • The Domain Structure of a Company
  • Social Structure in the Colosseum
  • as family and household
  • Families in Poverty
  • Family Traditions
  • The Legal Structures
  • Family Assessment
  • Comparison of Different Organizational Structures
  • Biology: The structure of Luciferase
  • Business Structures; Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Market Structures
  • Japanese Family
  • Organisational Structure
  • Intel: Stock and Capital Structure
  • Family Dynamics
  • Governmental Structure
  • Different Types of Organizational Structure
  • Hewlett-Packard – Organizational Structure
  • Family and Grandma
  • Organizational Culture, Structure & Design
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The Changing Of The Family Structure Sociology Essay


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The structure of the family has changed drastically in Ireland and many Western countries has seen a major change in the nature and structure of the family in recent times. In recent years due to a change in demographic trends in terms of marriage patterns, occupational structures, fertility and pre- determined socially constructed norms. According to Galliagan (1998, cited in Tovey & Share 2003) there has been a change of structure in Irish society due to modernisation, secularisation of society due to the church not being dominant anymore and woman becoming dominant in society in terms of roles and family planning. There are arguments that these issues have occurred for better or worse in terms of making Ireland a modern society (Tovey & Share 2007).

The concept of the family has changed from being of an extended family in pre-industrial society which contained two or more generations living under one roof. The role of the family was primarily a unit of production and reproduction which revolved around the farm. In comparison in industrial societies the nuclear family consists of two adults living together with children. This type of family structure was referred as the "stem" family. A new type of family has evolved due to separation known as the blended family which consists of two previously married people who co-habit with their respective children (McDonald 2009). This is conveyed by Russell (2004 cited in Tovey & Share 2007) that half of all couples in Ireland were dual earners. Family patterns have changed dramatically over the past several decades. This is justified by anthropologists Arensberg and Kimball who identified the family as being a typical traditional family with several generations living together. This type of structure had an patriarchal approach which resulted in gender roles as the male being the breadwinners and females being the homemaker (Hillard 2007).

As a result of modernisation and industrialisation it has led to changeable demographic trends in terms of marriage , fertility, divorce, gender roles, one parent family’s and contraception. Galligan (1998 cited in Tovey & Share 2003) points out that from the 1930’s to the 1960’s woman suffered legal discrimination in terms of employment, property rights, family law and social welfare. This is highlighted by Tovey & Share (2003) which states woman who previously worked in the public service from 1932 to 1973 had to give up their job when married due to the marriage bar. However this has changed significantly in recent times due to demographic studies which shows that woman’s participation rate in the workforce was 54 per cent in 1996 compared to 28 per cent in 1971 (Tovey & Share 2003). This has been mainly achieved through feminism which enabled woman to have a say in how society is operated which occurred in the late twentieth century (Hillard 2007). They argued that there was unequal power relationships within the family and highlighted that woman should have important roles in society in terms of carers and decision making (McDonald 2009).

The Central Statistics Office 2006 shows that the trend in contemporary Irish society of family patterns has resulted in six types of family units which consists of husband and wife (225,773), cohabiting couples (77,781), husband and wife and children (516,404), cohabiting couple and children (43,982), lone mother and children (162,551), lone father and children (26,689) (CSO 2006). Due to these trends in the family there is now a huge amount of diversity in terms of what a family can be defined in terms of. Tovey and Share (2003) highlights key trends due to the changing phenomena of the family caused by a marked decline in marriage, birth and fertility rates and people remaining single. This is conveyed that in 2001 births outside marriage made up nearly a third of all births in Ireland which shows that there has been changing attitudes towards social values in terms of the family.

There has been a change in the typical related marriage and living arrangement patterns. Previously if a man and woman lived together without being married they were said to be living in sin (Hunt 2005). Since the 1960’s due to approaches of egalitarianism and individualism in Western society it has led to change (Hillard 2007). Due to secularisation peoples views on this subject has changed drastically in the last century. The 2006 census shows that there was 77,782 cohabiting couples without children and 43,937 cohabiting couples with children (Hillard 2007). The International Survey Programme (ISSP) shows changing attitudes in Irish society. This is shown as in 1988, 83 per cent of people surveyed believed that people who want children should have to get married. While in 2002 the figure dropped to 53 per cent. There is now a considerable amount of people having civil marriages as 3,683 in 2002 were married in a non- church setting (Hillard 2007). Due to contraception being introduced it has led woman to be in control of family planning due to birth control. This has resulted in families having smaller amounts of children. According to Galligan (1998 cited in Tovey & Share 2003) this has reflected modernisation of Irish society which was once prohibited due to Catholic acts in 1929.

Attitudes relating to marriage has changed dramatically since the introduction of divorce in 1997 by the Family Law Act. Divorces was the fastest growing martial since 1996 (Mc Donald 2009). The 2006 census justifies this statement with there being 59,500 divorced compared to 9,800 in 1996 (CSO 2006). According to Hetherington (1991 cited in Hunt 2005) in terms of gender men are less capable of coping with divorce than woman which leads to deteriorating levels of physical and mental health. Another reason is due to longer life expectancy this is shown as life expectancy at birth has risen from 57.9 years for both sexes in 1926 t0 80.3 years for women and 75.1 years for men in 2002 (Fahey 2007). Due to changes in cultural attitudes which once saw marriage as a sacred and spiritual union between two people. Marriage is now viewed as a personal and practical commitments which can be ended by divorce if there is breakdown in the relationship (Hunt 2005). As a result there has been a significant increase in the number of one parent families in recent times. The 2006 census states that there was 189,200 lone parent families an increase of 23 per cent on the 2002 census. There is a vast gender difference in terms of lone parent families with nearly 86 per cent of them being female (McDonald 2009). Therefore the role men play in society has been diminished.

In terms of gender roles in the family setting these stereotypes have changed dramatically in attitudes. The woman’s role in the family was previously being the homemaker whose job it was to rear the children , do the housework and prepare the meals. This is shown as in 1971 there was only 8 per cent of married woman in the labour force. While in 2006 52.4 per cent of married woman were in the workforce (Hillard 2007). However now there is a more egalitarian approach to gender roles due to woman participating in the workforce which has enabled them to an income, power and status which they previously never had. Beale (1998 cited in Tovey & Share 2003, p255) states "Irish society has industrialised and urbanised, and as traditional values and ways have been challenged and questioned, every aspect of women’s lives has been to scrutiny and change." Tovey and Share (2003) suggest that there are three common viewpoints about how gender differences have changed in Ireland over the last three decades. One view is that there has been positive progress in woman’s involvement in the workforce. The second view is that there has been little change and woman are still being discriminated in terms of employment and social life. The third view is that gender inequality is changing and that now it is men that are at a disadvantage.

A new phenomena called the symmetrical family has emerged. The segregated roles of gender such as a "mans job" and "woman’s job" has demised into more integrated roles. This has resulted in improved rights and status for woman. Previously traditional functions of the family involved the mother looking after the children full time. However due to woman becoming more dominant in modern society there has been a shift in childcare to other social institutions. This involves sending children to nurseries, crèches and pre-schools while both parents are working. However this results in high costs and shows a shift in the structure of the family in modern society (McDonald 2009).

Due to society becoming more diverse family arrangements will continue to change. The changing phenomena of the family is evident and is expected to bring more changes " For example, a rise in numbers of single people; considerably smaller families; the rise of one child families; increasing levels of lone parenthood; more gay and lesbian couples; and more voluntarily childfree people" are predicted to happen (Tovey & Share 2007, p259). This leads to the family being complex due to issues relating to divorce, marriage patterns, cohabitation and single parent families. There are questions on how modernisation has influenced society "Whether such changes can be described as a good thing or a bad thing in the Irish context remain very much open to debate, research and analysis". (Tovey & Share 2003, p247). The family is regarded as one of the most basic and important institutions in society and is under constant evolution due to the changing patterns in society and will continue to do so for some time (McDonald 2009).

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