icon - AvadlInfo

icon

Dissertation Only Distance Phd In Education

Skip to main content

Times Higher Education

Times Higher Education (THE)

Please log in

Not a member yet?
Join us for FREE
Forgotten Password?

  • Login
  • Register
  • Subscribe
  • Share on twitter
  • Share on facebook
  • Share on google
  • Share on whatsapp
  • 12

10 steps to PhD failure

Kevin Haggerty and Aaron Doyle offer tips on making postgraduate study even tougher (which students could also use to avoid pitfalls if they prefer)

August 27, 2015

  • Share on twitter
  • Share on facebook
  • Share on linkedin
  • Share on whatsapp
  • Share on mail
  • 12

  • By Kevin Haggerty
  • By Aaron Doyle

Foot about to step on banana peel

Given the stakes involved, one peculiar aspect of graduate school is the number of students who seem indifferent to its pitfalls. Year after year many run headlong, like lemmings, off the same cliffs as their predecessors. Yet a good share of these people ignore or are even hostile towards the advice that might help them avoid screwing up.

Having repeatedly witnessed this process, we have concluded that a small group of students actually want to screw up. We do not know why. Maybe they are masochists or fear success. Whatever the reason, our heart goes out to them. Indeed, we hope to help them – by setting down a course of action that will ensure that they blunder through graduate school in a spectacularly disastrous fashion.

1. Stay at the same university

It can be tempting to obtain all three of your degrees (undergraduate, master’s and PhD) at the same university: you have already established personal and professional friendships there, you know the routines of the university, you have a solid working relationship with the academics, and you even have lined up a potential PhD supervisor who will incorporate you into an existing research project. However, if you actually want to succeed, doing so is probably a mistake.

Friends and colleagues often tell students to obtain their degrees at different universities, but seldom explain why. One reason is that departments have different strengths. Going to a different university or country exposes you to different perspectives. If you complete both your undergraduate and your master’s at one location, some say that you have probably got everything you can from the kind of scholarship and research practised in that department. (Whether this is true is a different matter.)

Going somewhere else for your PhD shows that you have expanded your intellectual horizons. In contrast, others will view the fact that you did all your degrees at the same place as an indication that you lack scholarly breadth and independence, and that you were not wise or committed enough to follow this standard advice about studying elsewhere.

2. Do an unfunded PhD

If you receive an offer for admission to a PhD programme that does not include funding, you should walk away. If the funding arrangement is vague, you should clarify it as much as possible to make sure that it has substance. While many master’s students are unfunded, the normal practice is for PhD students to be supported through scholarships, teaching, a supervisor’s individual research grants, or a combination of those things. An offer of admission without a financial package can be interpreted in several different ways, but none is encouraging.

Most obviously, it signals that the department is not committed to you. It can also be a sign of problems or even crisis in your department, university or discipline. Beyond what the lack of funding might say about how the admissions committee views you, an unfunded PhD will require you to support yourself through your course, research and writing your thesis. This precarious financial situation is demanding and can severely delay your completion.

3. Choose the coolest supervisor

Several years ago, I pulled aside a graduate student and advised her to find a different PhD supervisor. I delicately, but clearly, pointed out that her current supervisor had a record of relating poorly to others and was seen as a source of extreme irritation by many departmental colleagues.

The student was torn – for her supervisor was also charismatic, had published in prominent outlets, and had research interests that were reasonably close to her own. So she rolled the dice and maintained the relationship.

Three years later, the student sat in my office completely distraught. Her supervisor would not respond to emails and phone calls and was taking forever to comment on drafts of her thesis chapters. In essence, her supervisor failed her as a mentor, her degree was in crisis, and she needed to find a new supervisor quickly.

Screwing up your choice of supervisor is one of the biggest missteps you can make in graduate school. It is also easy to do. If you choose a supervisor because of a single overriding factor – such as a desire for someone who is personable, or is not intimidating, or has a big name – you risk choosing poorly.

So choose carefully, and do not let any one factor sway your decision too much. Enquire about whether others recognise your potential supervisor as a solid choice. Do her students finish their degrees, and in a reasonable time? Does she publish work of high quality in prominent outlets? Does she have a record of getting her students published? Does she equitably co-author articles with her students? Is the supervisor too overwhelmed with other commitments to give you the attention you need? Has she secured research grants? What kinds of jobs did her previous students obtain? Is the supervisor immersed in her academic community?

Also consider the personality of a potential supervisor. Do colleagues find her easy to work with? You should consult widely.

The availability of an appropriate supervisor should definitely affect your decision about which PhD programme to attend. But if the person you have your sights set on is known as a good supervisor, there are likely to be other students seeking to work with her. If you are going to a university mainly to work with that person, make sure that she will actually work with you.

Man being rescued from car, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, 2014

Source: 
Reuters

4. Expect people to hold your hand

As a postgraduate, you need to take charge of your own programme. While you should seek guidance from your supervisor and from the graduate chair or her assistant, you are the person who ultimately organises your degree. Nobody – and certainly not your supervisor – will pull you aside to remind you, for example, that you must take a certain course or complete a form by a specific date.

You are also personally responsible for developing your own intellectual path. Do not expect your supervisor, or anyone else, to hold your hand and tell you which books to read, journals to subscribe to, future research projects to pursue, research collaborations to explore, conferences to attend or grants to apply for.

Seek guidance about your degree programme and your scholarly development, but do not wait around expecting others to tell you what to do next.

5. Concentrate only on your thesis

It is easy to assume that at graduate school you will spend most of your time and energy on a thesis. This focus on completing your thesis (in reasonable time) can foster the mistaken belief that nothing else in graduate school matters. Such an attitude, paradoxically, can be a way to screw up.

While doing PhD study, you learn to become a researcher and an academic. Those roles involve considerably more than simply carrying out a large research project. Professors also teach, edit journals, attend conferences, review manuscripts, mentor students, organise workshops and administer different aspects of their department and university, among many other things. Graduate school slowly exposes you to the nuances of these tasks.

While your overriding priorities are to publish, to make progress on your thesis and otherwise to build up your CV, you typically still have enough hours in your day to get involved in other projects. Not doing so means that you are missing opportunities to become a well-rounded academic. And greater exposure to different activities helps you to distinguish yourself in the job market.

6. Expect friends and family to understand

I was over the moon when I won my doctoral scholarship. Eager to share the good news, I phoned my parents. My mum listened closely to the details and said: “That’s not enough money to live off of. Can you get two?” Deflated, I had to tell her no, that was not possible.

Her reaction was not atypical: most people outside your academic colleagues will have a hard time relating to your experiences.

To an outsider, a PhD student’s schedule looks tantalisingly open. It can contain huge slots where you appear to be doing nothing. Those people might encourage you to socialise more or to take on more household tasks to fill the time. Maintaining self-discipline is hard enough at the best of times without outside encouragement to postpone or forgo your scholarly labours. You will likely have to tell friends and family that although you might not have a formal workday, you are “on the clock” and have to use your time to complete a long list of tasks.

But be sure to cultivate a group of sympathetic academic friends and colleagues with whom you can share and discuss your exploits.

7. Cover everything

Students eager to screw up should remember that their thesis is their defining personal and professional achievement. The thesis is everything. Therefore, it should contain everything. Approach your topic from every conceivable angle. Use a diverse set of methodologies. Explore the topic from every theoretical framework conceivable. Aim to produce an analysis that spans the full sweep of human history. This will ensure that in 30 years you will be asking whether you are eligible for pension benefits as a graduate student.

While working on my master’s degree, I bumped into one of my professors and summarised my thesis topic for him. I was doing research on the sex trade, so I detailed how I expected to conduct a feminist analysis of prostitution in Toronto. It would address economic issues and incorporate recent theoretical work on ethnicity and identity. My methodology involved an ambitious plan for a lengthy period of first-hand observation in the field, combined with dozens of interviews with female street prostitutes, police officers, politicians and local activists. When I stopped talking, he smiled wryly and said, “Well, you certainly have your work cut out for you.”

As we parted, I thought to myself: “He’s right. This is insane. I will never be able to do all of this.” The project was massive, unfocused, and had to be radically reduced in scope and ambition or I would never finish. I slept horribly that night, but my fear motivated me to transform my thesis into something more feasible. Master’s and PhD students tend to set overly ambitious parameters for their research, mistakenly thinking that their thesis has to be a monumental contribution to knowledge.

The jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie famously said that it took his whole life to learn what not to play. The same is true for designing and writing academic works. You need to identify what not to cover in your research, and you must remove tangents peripheral to your analysis or argument. You might have to cut major sections or even chapters. This will hurt. I cut many pages of material in the final stages of writing my master’s thesis, including a number of chunks that I loved but which did not quite fit with my final structure and arguments. A thesis, like any written work, is always stronger when you omit unnecessary sections. Simply place those parts in a separate file and work them up later for a submission to a journal.

Man falling while water skiing

Source: 
Getty

8. Abuse your audience

“Everywhere I go I’m asked if I think the universities stifle writers. My opinion is that they don’t stifle enough of them.”
– Flannery O’Connor

You are a budding academic, so you need to write like an academic. This means that you need to produce long, convoluted sentences written in the passive voice, riddled with discipline-specific jargon and exotic words. Writing like that will certainly demonstrate your academic pedigree, yes? Actually, it will not. It will alienate your audience, turn off editors and annoy your supervisor. When postgraduate students aim to “write like an academic”, it too often translates into producing turgid, tortured prose.

One secret of graduate school is that strong writers can do extremely well even if they are not the brightest people in the room. If you cannot write clearly and persuasively, everything about PhD study becomes harder.

So vow that you will not write like a traditional academic: eliminate jargon, strive for clear and concise assertions, compose in the active voice, and be kind to your readers. Above all, continually strive to improve your writing. Writing is like playing guitar; it can improve only through consistent, concerted effort.

9. Have a thin skin

My student Tom was in a funk. After I asked him several times what was wrong, he confided that he was upset by the reviews that he had received of an article that he had submitted to a journal for publication consideration. The reviews were harsh, the paper was rejected, and Tom doubted whether he was cut out to be an academic.

He then handed me a copy of the response that he had written to the journal’s editor. Thank goodness he had not yet sent it off. Tom’s reply came across as both hurt and angry. He essentially accused the reviewers of being know-nothings who were not up on the recent literature and had missed the point of his paper. He then questioned the editor’s competence for choosing such inept reviewers. After reading his letter, I explained to Tom why he needed to develop a thick skin about his professional work. Then I shredded his response to the editor.

You are likely a high achiever who has accumulated a lifetime’s worth of academic success. You are accustomed to being among the best students and to being praised. The feedback you have received from high school and university teachers may have tended to emphasise the positive, sometimes to the point of sugar-coating. Things are different in the more elevated levels of academia. Standards are higher, and failure is common.

You will be competing with other high-calibre students for scholarships and fellowships, the majority of which you will not win. You will also need to publish. A great deal of work will go into developing articles only to have many of them rejected. Once you enter the job market, you will put together lengthy job applications to apply for positions for which there may be dozens of applicants.

A key part of being an academic involves learning to persevere in the face of uncertainty, failure and rejection. Everyone is in the same boat.

10. Get romantically involved with faculty

Although it is rarely discussed frankly, postgraduates and academics sometimes become romantically involved. Here I am not talking about harassment or sexual assault, but rather about consensual couplings. As these are adults, one might be tempted to see this situation as something the participants should work out for themselves. Be that as it may, these consenting adults should be attuned to the dangers of faculty-graduate student relationships.

The most fundamental problem inherent in all such relationships is that academics have more formal and informal power than students. Even in seemingly consensual situations, questions arise about how free the student was to decline the relationship. This differential power is acute if it involves a supervisor sleeping with a student.

What might look like a caring relationship could, in fact, be part of a pattern in which a faculty member cycles through impressionable students.

If a romantic relationship continues, the student’s relationships with all sorts of department members may change. Her accomplishments might become tainted or be dismissed. People may suggest that she published an important article or secured a lucrative grant because her relationship gave her an unfair advantage. If the relationship ends badly, she can become a target of gossip and informal recriminations, sometimes for years to come.

Without condoning such situations, I should point out that I know of several instances where a fling between a student and an academic ended amicably, and in some cases evolved into a long-term relationship. But more often, students end up feeling betrayed, exploited and abandoned. These are risky situations, and unfortunately the graduate student bears almost all the risk. So find your emotional connections outside the faculty ranks.

Graduate school can be an enjoyable experience that sets you on the path for a rewarding career. These 10 tips will be invaluable if you are determined to screw up that prospect. Hopefully, our advice will also help those students eager to avoid missteps.

The authors have chosen to write in the first person singular to protect the privacy of the individuals whose experiences are discussed.

Kevin D. Haggerty is a Killam research laureate and professor of sociology and criminology at the University of Alberta . Aaron Doyle is associate professor in the department of sociology and anthropology at Carleton University .


This article is based on extracts from 57 Ways to Screw up in Grad School: Perverse Professional Lessons for Graduate Students  ( University of Chicago Press), a book that sets out further ways to screw up, moving from the earliest stages of planning to go to graduate school all the way through to the finish line. 57 Ways is published this week in the US and on 14 September 2015 in the UK.

10 truths a PhD supervisor will never tell you

Read more

Please login or register to read this article

Register to continue

Get a month’s unlimited access to THE content online. Just register and complete your career summary.

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor’s highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments

Register

Subscribe

Or subscribe for unlimited access to:

  • Unlimited access to news, views, insights & reviews
  • Digital editions
  • Digital access to THE’s university and college rankings analysis
  • Unrestricted access to the UK and global edition of the THE app on IOS, Android and Kindle Fire


Subscribe

Already registered or a current subscriber?
Sign in now

Read more about
Read more about: 
PhD
Postgraduate and early-career

Related articles

10 truths a PhD supervisor will never tell you
July 11, 2013

How not to write a PhD thesis
January 28, 2010

PhD student
Essential PhD tips: 10 articles all doctoral students should read
September 8, 2015

Reader’s comments (12)

#1 Submitted by Deschant on August 27, 2015 – 3:05pm
Most of the advice here should be taken with a pinch of salt to say the least. Perhaps more importantly, the authors seem to think every PhD candidate has a choice on all of the matters mentioned above, ignoring that certain students, universities and disciplines are more privileged than others. For example:
Point 1) Im as committed as most people in academia to the idea of moving around and changing institutions- but have the authors considered that some students may have families or other caring commitments?
Point 2) Although I would advice anyone to think very carefully and consider all the risks before embarking on a self-funded PhD, with PhD funding for the Arts and Humanities falling to pitiful levels, it is ridiculous to say that failure to get funding equals lack of commitment from your department. Last year, the AHRC gave funding to 1 PhD student only in my discipline in Scotland; believe me that, in thus hyper-competitive climate, there are several excellent projects that failed to get funding.
Point 3) Again, I would advise every prospective PhD student to do their research and find out as much as possible about their supervisor, but how is a recent UG or Masters graduate to make sure that [your supervisor] will actually work with you? Finding out that sort of information, specially for a supervisor who is problematic, requires the sort of networks and social capital that prospective students dont normally have. Do you suggest students approach current and former PhD students of said potential supervisor and expect to get all the truth from them? Doesnt seem realistic.

#2 Submitted by murozel on August 27, 2015 – 6:01pm
Very useful advice, in my opinion, though not each of the items listed here can be applicable to all situations. I see that PhD is used interchangably with the word "doctorate" since it is the most common and well-established type of doctoral degree, however what I miss is a wider approach to the doctoral level study, covering professional doctorates as well for example, which in some ways may differ significantly in how the research is handled.
Regards,

#3 Submitted by NRuther on August 27, 2015 – 9:21pm
Reverse logic is catchy and most advice is worth heeding. Writing well is crucial. It is a pity that the coupling bit focuses on women as PhD students, not men. It is still almost always men in the faculty advisor role. I probably would have put it closer to "choose your advisor" as "watch you partner" perhaps?

#4 Submitted by [email protected] on August 28, 2015 – 4:45am
Unfortunately I did not complete my PhD at a top ranked British University due to the nefarious attitude of my Head of School at the Australian University where I was employed as a Lecturer. His problem was that I was far too pro-active in developing new courses and developing an International reputation in my field of Small Business and Entrepreneurship. He stated that I was flying too high as a Lecturer, and was really annoyed when my courses in Small Business and Entrepreneurship were accepted by the academic board – he had told me that if I wanted to teach these units then I should be working at a Tech College, as these were NOT university subjects. For the establishment of these courses I was awarded the Vice Chancellors Award for Excellence, so others thought that I was performing in a manner befitting the academic brief.

When I returned from the UK after the first nine months of research, my Head of School had given my teaching responsibility to another person, and told to that I had to teach Management units only. Again I further upset him when his superior overruled him on this matter. He further commented that I was "Not a True Academic because I had extensive Business Experience" (CEO of four companies) and took a practical approach in my teaching despite my record of academic publications and conference presentations (80 plus in ten years).

I was eventually sacked from my Lecturing position when I spoke out against the bribes and corruption inherent in the University between staff and students, whereby some students were being awarded excellent marks without submitting any work.

Thus, having a good boss is the best way to complete a PhD.

However, I have been told that I needed a PhD to work in an Australian University so that I could write articles for publication, but I have written many articles in peer reviewed academic journals, was on the International Advisory Board of an International journal in Entrepreneurship for approximately 15 years, and my papers were always accepted at International Academic Conferences in Small Business and Entrepreneurship due to my ability to combine the academic theory with the practical application.

#5 Submitted by cgk on August 28, 2015 – 2:55pm
A very odd article – where is the evidential support for the first claim?

It would be useful if the article made it clear that these two are talking from a North American perspective and thus many of their suggestions take no account of how PhD are undertaken in the UK. Moreover like a lot of the columns here it takes no account of the fact there is no such thing as the academy and advice that is sensible to a HUM/SS student would be inapproriate to a student in the hard sciences in a lab and so on.

#6 Submitted by LisaB15 on August 29, 2015 – 7:01am
Pretty straightforward advice, with a twist on the initial framing (what to do in order to fail, i.e. what not to do). I would even go as far as calling it the conventional wisdom. I didnt like some of the advice. Some, like changing universities in the undergraduate-graduate career – because it stays cryptic even after they explain it. I myself changed universities when passed from the MA to the PhD and learned very little from the changed environment. I did learn that incompetency is everywhere. My greater reservation, though, is that the authors are saying the PhD students should just play the game. Write a limited thesis, write in simple words, develop a thick skin, etc. This type of advice produce highly conformist PhDs. It also puts all the burden on PhDs themselves, and ignores the unfairness of a system that puts students in such a dependent and challenging position.

#7 Submitted by Claude McNab on August 29, 2015 – 11:53am
"Three years later, the student sat in my office completely distraught. Her supervisor would not respond to emails and phone calls and was taking forever to comment on drafts of her thesis chapters. In essence, her supervisor failed her as a mentor, her degree was in crisis, and she needed to find a new supervisor quickly."

Did you speak to your colleague about what a s***head he is, or did you just let it slide and blame the graduate student for his appalling behaviour?

#8 Submitted by BB21 on November 3, 2015 – 2:02pm
I have a friend experiencing this now in her first year. She is very bright and innovative. How common is this behaviour in academia? What would you recommend she do to resolve the communication breakdown? Or is it best just to move on to a new supervisor knowing it may negatively effect funding and collaborator relationships?

#9 Submitted by DRK on January 15, 2016 – 6:26pm
The graduate student was obviously not blamed, and we worked diligently to quickly find her another appropriate supervisor. After a series of other related problems arose with this faculty member he was ultimately forced to leave the university after a long drawn out process (there are many, many appeal mechanisms in the contemporary university).

#10 Submitted by robertwills on August 7, 2017 – 3:09pm
I am Robert Richardson from Houston here in Texas when I was in need of a loan I apply through my bank but was deny cos of my credit score then someone refer me on this site to Diversified Financial Network and I apply for a loan with them and was approved without credit check and low interest rate of 3% and there was no cosigner, You can reach them with this email if you need a loan I am sure they can still help you [email protected]

Robert Richardson

#11 Submitted by Madhu Sudhan on January 5, 2018 – 7:51pm
On a personal note.
10 steps to Ph.D failure with first-hand experience:
1. Have a major crush on an institute.
2. Somehow pass the qualifying exam.
3. Risk post-gradute examination and attend the interview.
4. Join the institute, with a shit load of dreams, hopes and aspirations
5. Do a project under a phenomenal faculty.
6. Screw up the course work by holding onto your integrity and saying Finally in PhD no-more worrying about marks, and keep asking the academic committee about the mode of evaluation to fall on deaf ears.
7. Write worthless and meaningless course work exams (ex: Research-I) which means nothing in the future.
8. Believe in the system and trust them to honor our first preference.
9. Let the system screw one over 6 ways until Friday.
10. Get Kicked out of the institute, for being in the last burnt layer for not paying attention in the course work.

#12 Submitted by Hock on August 4, 2018 – 10:41am
Ignore this article if you are worried, it reads like the author is a failed horoscope blogger. Over generalised characters (students, maybe themselves) in specific situations that won’t apply to most. I was expecting an article about mindset; after two years so far I can recognise that progress is all down to mind and mood, and each problem is all individual.

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Featured jobs

Recruiter logo

Junior Research Fellow for the ISRO Funded Project, CSE Department

Vellore Institute Of Technology

Recruiter logo

Postdoctoral Fellowship in Health Informatics

Norwegian University Of Science & Technology -ntnu

Recruiter logo

Student Funding Officer

St Marys University, Twickenham

Recruiter logo

Professor of Geothermal Energy

Heriot-watt University

Recruiter logo

Associate Head (Postgraduate and Research) – School of Health Sciences

University Of Liverpool

See all jobs

Most Viewed

Map of Europe/Best universities in Europe
Best universities in Europe
September 14, 2017

University of Oxford, University Church of St Mary the Virgin
Best universities in the UK
September 5, 2017

Stanford University, Best universities in the United States 2016
Best universities in the United States
September 5, 2017

The University of Melbourne - the top ranked institution in Australia
Best universities in Australia
September 5, 2017

Best universities in Canada 2018
Best universities in Canada
September 5, 2017

Most Commented

Archery target
Thousands back professor fired for missing grant income targets
July 27, 2018

ladder-star-moon
The publication game leads to trivial pursuits
August 23, 2018

Danger
Universities on the edge as top institutions hoover up recruits
August 21, 2018

Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
What is it like to take a leadership role at a university?
August 9, 2018

group work in science lab
Why we should try publishing with our undergraduates
August 25, 2018

You might also like

science-comedy
Applying the science of stand-up
August 23, 2018

A man and a woman walking in the street
World ‘should follow Australia’s lead’ on staff-student sex
August 3, 2018

A bull at a rodeo
Don’t get comfortable: the rise of the precarious academy
August 2, 2018

Martin Chalfie
Nobel laureate: how (not) to apply for a postdoc position
August 1, 2018

Skip to main content

Walden University Home


SearchSearch for content in walden university site.

search

Request Free Information
Request Free Information

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our International Form if you live outside of the U.S.

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our Domestic Form if you live in the U.S.

Menu

Walden University

What Is the Difference Between a Doctoral Study and a Dissertation?

Woman studying at her desk

Doctoral-level degrees fall into two main categories: PhD degree programs and professional doctorate degree programs. Both represent the highest level of graduate degrees. They share many similarities, including the encouragement of critical and creative thinking and an intensive, independent research component.

PhD candidates present their research findings in the format of a dissertation, while professional doctorate candidates present their findings in the format of a doctoral study. Both types of degrees are recognized equally by the U.S. Department of Education.

Whether you earn a PhD degree or a professional doctorate degree , you will become an expert in your field with the flexibility to move ahead in your current position, switch gears to an academic career, or pursue a position as a consultant or administrator.

Professional Doctorate Degree vs. PhD Degree

To better understand the difference between a doctoral study and a dissertation, it’s best to first define the fundamental differences between a PhD program and a professional doctorate program.

  • A PhD degree, also known as an academic doctoral degree, can be pursued by college graduates who don’t yet have relevant work experience or by working professionals who are interested in using their advanced research skills and dissertation to add to the existing body of knowledge in their field. The estimated time for completing an online PhD program is 4 to 7 years.*
  • A professional doctorate degree is designed for working professionals with practical experience in their field. Professionals often choose a doctoral program to increase their knowledge, advance their careers, and translate their work experience into a higher position of credibility, leadership, and influence. The coursework and research allow students to connect existing theories with practice. Professional doctoral research focuses more on applying existing theories and knowledge to address real-world business problems. The estimated time for completing an online doctoral program is 3 to 4 years.*

Doctoral Study for Professional Doctorate Degree Programs

As a doctoral student, you will learn research methods, plan and design your research, and present your findings in a scholarly paper called a doctoral study. The study’s purpose is to make an original contribution to your field by creating a practical solution to a real problem.

In a doctoral study, you will identify a problem, present your methodology, describe your project, make observations about your findings, and present your practical solution. The doctoral study’s components demonstrate your competence in research and research design, your subject matter expertise, and your command of critical thinking and academic writing.

The capstone of the professional doctoral program consists of:

  • The creation of a proposal that describes the problem you want to solve, the purpose of the study, and your research questions, methodology, and design.
  • A proposal oral defense of your research proposal to the doctoral committee (a 20-minute presentation followed by a question-and-answer session).
  • Collecting data and writing the findings.
  • A final oral defense of your research findings to the doctoral committee.

Notably, Walden University’s online doctoral programs, such as the accredited Doctor of Business Administration , feature a doctoral study that is context-based within an organizational setting and linked to social change.

Dissertation for PhD Programs

As a PhD student, you’ll create a research project that reflects your interests and can have a real, significant impact in your community or your profession. At Walden, you are asked to engage in a research project that can make a positive difference in the world, reflective of our university’s mission of effecting positive social change. You will begin exploring and attempting to solve a real-world problem from day one.

The capstone of the doctoral program consists of:

  • Drafting a dissertation prospectus that outlines your research questions and data collection plan.
  • A proposal oral defense of your research dissertation to the doctoral committee.
  • Completing a research dissertation that identifies a research problem, provides a literature review, defines your research methods, reveals your findings, and ends with a summary, conclusions, and implications. According to DegreeInfo.com, the average length of a dissertation is 150–200 pages.†
  • A final oral defense of your research dissertation to the doctoral committee.

Review Doctoral Dissertations by Walden Students

Browse our archive of hundreds of doctoral studies and dissertations created by Walden University doctoral students.

By learning the answer to “What is the difference between a doctoral study and a dissertation?” you are in a stronger position to make the best decision for achieving your educational and career goals with an online university degree program.

Learn more about Walden’s broad selection of accredited, online PhD programs and professional doctoral programs . Please note that a select number of our doctoral programs only require a bachelor’s degree for admission. For details, call an enrollment advisor at 1-866-492-5336.

Walden University, an accredited institution, has been serving the higher education needs of adult learners for 45 years. Today, more than 47,800 students from all 50 U.S. states and more than 150 countries are pursuing their bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degrees or certificates online at Walden.

Explore Walden University’s online doctoral degree programs and change your future faster! Earn your degree at a pace that fits your life and schedule.

*Time to completion may vary by student, depending on individual progress and credits transferred, if applicable.

†DegreeInfo.com. Retrieved from http://www.degreeinfo.com/general-distance-learning-discussions/7163-dissertation-length-no-hard-rule.html

Request Free Information

Request Free Information

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our International Form if you live outside of the U.S.

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our Domestic Form if you live in the U.S.

Walden Facts

0

More than 90% of Walden graduates responding to our survey say that they are very satisfied or satisfied with Walden.*

* Source: www.WaldenU.edu/DATA, 2013–2014

Alumni Spotlight

Dr. Gabriel Warren
Read how Walden’s DBA Alumni Dr. Gabriel Warren’s connections led to new opportunities.
Read More


You May Also Like

7 Benefits of a Virtual Classroom

A woman works at a a laptop computer.

What Is a Professional Doctorate?

How to Choose a Dissertation Topic For Your Doctoral Degree

Man researching online education on laptop
Request Free Information
Request Free Information

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our International Form if you live outside of the U.S.

Fill out this form to get free information on courses, admissions and financial aid from your personal advisor.

Please use our Domestic Form if you live in the U.S.


010 23 56 67

edugate

Dissertation Only Distance Phd In Education – 269870

Dissertation Only Distance Phd In Education – 269870

Ce sujet a 0 réponse, 1 participant et a été mis à jour par   ducsanighmenscon , il y a 1 semaine et 2 jours .

  • ducsanighmenscon

    @ducsanighmenscon
    Participant

    août 22, 2018 à 8:38

    CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE

    If you need high-quality papers done quickly and with zero traces of plagiarism, PaperCoach is the way to go. Great rating and good reviews should tell you everything you need to know about this excellent writing service.

    PaperCoach can help you with all your papers, so check it out right now!

    – Professional Academic Help

    – Starting at $7.99 per page

    – High quality

    – On Time delivery

    – 24/7 support

    CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE










    Dissertation Only Distance Phd In Education

    Dissertation only distance phd in education – Search results for: Dissertation only distance phd in education. Click here for more information! Getting Your Doctorate at a Distance International Schools A search for available doctoral programs in education via distance learning Pursuing Doctoral Studies Via Distance texts and doctoral dissertations is a Top 10 International Distance Doctoral Programs Top 10 International Distance Doctoral this is the only requirement as University of Liverpool offers fully online Ph. D. x27;s in both business and education Universities Offering Ph. D. Distance Education Degree Programs Prospective students searching for universities offering phd distance education found the following related articles and links useful. 50 Fastest Accredited Online PhD Programs Distance Education and and 16 core doctoral courses. The school boasts: Only 4 percent of all dissertation The Ph. D. in Urban Doctor Ph. D. Degree Online via distance learning The North American education systems considers several doctorate degree options. The Ph. D. distance learning thesis must be higher education. Only the Distance Learning PhD in Education University of Leicester The distance learning PhD programme is you will undertake a substantial research project that is written up as a thesis of Education. PhD and MPhil. Distance Blue Marble University Opens 2 year Online Dissertation Only Blue Marble University, the world x27;s most innovative and original virtual educational institution, now offers a dissertation only PhD in Humanities-Creative Arts and Sciences.

    Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Dissertation Only Program

    CTS International offers dissertation only PhD programs in Theology, Ministry, Christian Counseling, amp; Christian Education. Best New Online PhD Programs Distance Learning Forum Hi NDLovu, The Get Educated online degree directory lists 113 accredited online doctorate programs BUT these are all in the USA and subject the USA model of education. . I think you will find that none of the online PHD programs in the Get Educated directory are by dissertation only, meaning that no formal course work is required only a research phd – Is it possible to do a cheap or free online or distance Is it possible to do a cheap or free online or distance Ph. D full-time research required to write a Ph. D. dissertation. Free distant PHD education as the Dissertation only distance phd education – Search results for: Dissertation only distance phd education. Click here for more information! Doctoral Programs in Education – Graduate Education Experience Northwest Nazarene University x27;s Doctoral Programs in Education, NNU offers an online phd education as well. Explore NNU x27;s online phd programs here. 2018 Top Doctorate Degrees amp; PhD Graduate Programs or medical doctorate, and the Ph. D. , Write and defend a research thesis or dissertation; Other doctoral programs Walden x27;s Ph. D. in Education program PhD Research by Distance Learning University of Leicester The PhD by Distance Learning is designed to offer an Provide you with the skills and knowledge to complete a Doctoral thesis; You will only be expected Doctor of Philosophy in Theology (PhD): Biblical, Moral The PhD in Theology (PhD-Th) it must include footnotes and at least two full-page bibliographies listing only the The doctoral dissertation is expected PhD Islamic Finance and Banking (Research Thesis) AIMS UK PhD Islamic Finance is accredited distance learning doctorate degree. PhD in Islamic banking and finance candidates do prepare a research based dissertation

    Accredited Online PHD Programs Guide – Accredited Schools Online

    Distance education students can take Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus lists only one online doctoral Online PhD programs combine all the Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership UNE Online Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership News amp; World Report x27;s 2018 rankings for Best Online Graduate Education 812 Dissertation Doctor of Philosophy in Biblical Studies – Amridge University The PhD in Biblical Studies is a rigorous research-oriented study of 51 RB 9393 Research Dissertation in Biblical Studies distance education, PhD and doctoral study University of Canterbury PhD and doctoral study gt; Qualification group PhDs are offered in a wide range of subjects at UC, and are by thesis only. Doctor of Education (EdD) Accredited online PhD programs Express University Degree Accredited online PhD programs what we have actually are Degree has a lot of meaning but in terms of education, DO YOU PROVIDE DISSERTATION FOR YOUR No Dissertation PhD Degrees – Blue Marble University Blue Marble University, the world x27;s most innovative virtual university, now offers you the option to obtain a PhD degree without a thesis or dissertation. All of our PhD programs, including our Doctoral degrees in Stem Cell Biology, Applied Biology, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Law, Medicine, Education The 28 Best Online Doctoral Programs in Education for 2018 While classwork can be completed entirely online or through distance the dissertation. The PhD in higher education PhD in Education and Top Online PhD Degrees 2018 Earn a one-of-a-kind degree the nation x27;s only Ph. D. in Family offers a limited number of positions for the Ph. D. dissertation. Top Online PhD Degrees 2018 – Find PhD programmes and postgraduate Find and compare PhD programmes and postgraduate doctorate studies from top universities worldwide: search thousands of programmes to do research abroad or at home Trinity Evangelical Divinity School Doctor of Philosophy Alumni from the PhD (Theological Studies) followed by an additional two years of comprehensive exams and dissertation research and in education and EUCLID Online Doctorate in International Public Health DIPH: A low-tuition online doctorate in international public health offered by an intergovernmental organization. 145 Doctor of Philosophy PhD programmes in Switzerland Studying Doctor of Philosophy. The Ph. D. Ph. D. Education Studies (Individual doctorate) write a PhD thesis, Guide to Online PhD Degree Programs No GRE Options Guide to Online PhD Degree Programs No GRE Options. Ph. D. in Counselor Education and time and money on your doctoral degree, it only makes sense that you

    269870

    Website URL: essaybuyhtd.com

    Permalink

  • Author

    Posts

Affichage de 1 message (sur 1 au total)

You must be logged in to reply to this topic.